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Botany

The basicsBulbe de safran

Saffron comes from the bulb of the crocus sativus, the only flower in the world which contains a spice. The crocus sativus spends all summer in a dormant state, which is to say a vegetative rest, while at the same time all other plants in our hemisphere are in full bloom.

At the end of summer, the crocus sativus bulb gradually releases the reserves it has stored during its rest, arousing itself from its dormancy. In September the first white shoots appear in the soil: the young crocus sativus shoots emerge from the soil at the beginning of September, and the first saffron flowers appear during the first fortnight of October, in a period of 40 to 45 days altogether.